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Publications from current students

Academic publications in high impact journals by current and former CDT students and associated CDT students.

Optics Express

Nature Photonics

We expect all students to publish in high impact journals and present at leading international conferences during the course of their research, and these are refereed below (students in bold):

1. Lavery, D.; Ionescu, M.; Makovejs, S.; Torrengo, E.; Savory, S.J., “A long‐reach ultra‐dense 10 Gbit/s WDM‐PON using a digital coherent receiver,” Optics Express, v 18, n 25, p 25855‐60, Dec. 2010

2. Thompson, R.J.; Yadin, B.; Grout, Z.J.; Hudziak, S.; Kloc, C.L.; Mitrofanov, O.; Curson, N.J., “ Evolution of the surface morphology of rubrene under ambient conditions,” Applied Physics Letters, v 98, n 5, p 053302 (3 pp.), 31 Jan. 2011

3. Makovejs, S.; Millar, D.S.; Lavery, D.; Behrens, C.; Killey, R.I.; Savory, S.J.; Bayvel, P. , “Characterization of long‐haul 112Gbit/s PDM‐QAM‐16 transmission with and without digital nonlinearity compensation,” Optics Express, v 18, n 12, p 12939‐47, 2010

4. Honeysett, J.E.; Stride, E.; Leung, T.S., “Microbubble enhancement of ultrasound‐modulated optical sensing with incoherent light,” Proceedings of the SPIE ‐ The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 7899, p 789919 (7 pp.), 2011

5. Honeysett, J.; Stride, E.; Leung, T., “Monte Carlo simulations of acousto‐optics with microbubbles,” Proceedings of the SPIE ‐ The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 7564, p 75640K (7 pp.), 2010

6. Mitrofanov, O. ; Mavrogordatos, T.K.; James, R.; Fernandez, F.A.; Harrington, J.A., “Ag/PS hollow cylindrical waveguides for transmission of THz pulses,” 2010 35th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW‐THz 2010), p 2 pp., 2010

7. Gunadi, S.; Powell, S.; Elwell, C.E.; Leung, T.S., “Optimization of the acousto‐optic signal detection in cylindrical geometry,” Proceedings of the SPIE ‐ The International Society for Optical Engineering, v 7564, p 756431 (6 pp.), 2010

8. Leung, T.S.; Powell, S., “Fast Monte Carlo simulations of ultrasound‐modulated light using a graphics processing unit,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, v 15, n 5, p 055007 (7 pp.), Sept. 2010

9. Mueckstein, R.; Mitrofanov, O., “Imaging of terahertz surface plasmon waves excited on a gold surface by a focused beam”, Optics Express, v19, n 4, p 3212‐17, 2011

10. Huiyun Liu, Ting Wang, Qi Jiang, Richard Hogg, Frank Tutu, Francesca Pozzi, and Alwyn Seeds, “Long‐wavelength InAs/GaAs quantum‐dot laser diode monolithically grown on Ge substrate,” Accepted for publication in Nature Photonics 2011

11. Pangovski and W. O’Neill, “Investigation of low nanosecond laser ablation mechanisms using pulsed digital holography,” International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro‐optics, Orlando, USA (2011)

12. T. Schwamb, R. Fuentes, M. Elshafie, Y. Ouyang, K. Janmonta, K. Soga, P. Ferreira, A. Swain, “Monitoring of a secant piled wall using fibre optical sensors,” 8th International Symposium on Field Measurements in Geomechanics, Berlin, Germany, (2011)

13. K.A.Patel, J.F.Dynes, A.W.Sharpe, Z.L.Yuan, R.V.Penty, and A.J.Shields, “Gigacounts‐per‐Second Single Photon Detection Based on a Single‐Pixel Avalanche Photodiode,” Single Photon Workshop, Braunschweig, Germany (2011)

14. M. Scott, “A Wire‐speed Packet Classification and Capture Module for NetFPGA,” First European Net FPGA Developers' Workshop, Cambridge (2010)

15. Ting Wang, Huiyun Liu*, Andrew Lee, Francesca Pozzi, and Alwyn Seeds, “1.3‐mm InAs/GaAs quantum‐dot lasers monolithically grown on Si substrates,” Optics Express (2011) (to appear)

16. A. D. Lee, T. Wang, F. Pozzi, A. J. Seeds and H. Liu, “A room temperature electrically pumped 1.3‐μm InAs quantum dot laser monolithically grown on silicon substrates,” The 8th International Conference on Group IV Photonics, Royal Society (2011)

17. Andrew D. Lee, Ting Wang, Huiyun Liu, Francesca Pozzi and Alwyn J. Seeds, “1.3‐μm InAs/GaAs quantum dot lasers monolithically grown on Si substrates,” UK Semiconductor Conference (2011)

18. O. Mitrofanov, R. James, F.A. Fernandez, T.K. Mavrogordatos and J.A. Harrington, “Reducing Transmission Losses in Hollow THz Waveguides,” IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, vol. 1, Sep. 2011, pp. 124-132.

19. R. Mueckstein, C. Graham, C.C. Renaud, A.J. Seeds, J.A. Harrington, and O. Mitrofanov, “Imaging and Analysis of THz Surface Plasmon Polariton Waves with the Integrated Sub-wavelength Aperture Probe,”
Special Issue on THz near‐field imaging in the Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves
Volume 32, Numbers 8-9, 1031-1042, (2011).
DOI: 10.1007/s10762-011-9811-8

20. D.J. Ives, B. C. Thomsen, R, Maher, and S.J. Savory, "Estimating OSNR of Equalised QPSK Signals," in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications {ECOC} 2011, p. Tu.6.A.6

21.D. J. Ives, B. C. Thomsen, R. Maher, and S. J. Savory, “Estimating OSNR of equalised QPSK signals,” Optics Express, vol. 19, no. 26, p. B661-B666, Dec. 2011.

22. K.A. Patel, J.F. Dynes, A.W. Sharpe, Z.L. Yuan, R.V. Penty, and A.J. Shields "Gigacount/second photon detection with InGaAs avalanche photodiodes", Electron. Lett. -- 19 January 2012 -- Volume 48, Issue 2, p.111–113

23. D. Lavery, C. Behrens, S. Makovejs, D.S. Millar, R.I. Killey, S.J. Savory, P. Bayvel, "Long-Haul Transmission of PS-QPSK at 100 Gb/s Using Digital Backpropagation", IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 24 3 (2012).

24. D. Lavery, C.Behrens, S.J. Savory, "A Comparison of Modulation Formats for Passive Optical Networks", Optics Express, 19 26 (2011).

25. C. Behrens, D. Lavery, D.S. Millar, S. Makovejs, B.C. Thomsen, R.I. Killey, S.J. Savory, P. Bayvel, "Ultra-long-haul transmission of 7x42.9 Gbit/s PS-QPSK and PDM-BPSK", Optics Express, 19 26 (2011).

26. D.S. Millar, D. Lavery, S. Makovejs, C. Behrens, B.C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, S.J. Savory, "Generation and long-haul transmission of polarization-switched QPSK at 42.9 Gb/s" Optics Express, 19 10 (2011).

27. K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A.W. Sharpe, A.R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R.V. Penty, A. J. Shields, "Multiplexed Classical and Quantum Transmission for High Bitrate Quantum Key Distribution Systems",Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, USA, 2012

28. D. Lavery, S. Liu, Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, P. Petropoulos, P. Bayvel, S.J. Savory, "Realizing High Sensitivity at 40 Gbit/s and 100 Gbit/s", OW3H.5 in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2012.

29. D. Lavery, C. Behrens, S.J. Savory, "On the Impact of Backreflections in a Bidirectional 10 Gbit/s Coherent WDM-PON", OTh1F.3 in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2012.

30. C. Behrens, D. Lavery, R.I. Killey, S.J. Savory, P. Bayvel, "Long-haul WDM transmission of PDM-8PSK and PDM-8QAM with nonlinear DSP", OM3A.4 in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2012.

31. D. Lavery, R. Maher, D.S. Millar, B.C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, S.J. Savory, "Demonstration of 10 Gbit/s Colorless Coherent PON Incorporating Tunable DS-DBR Lasers and Low-Complexity Parallel DSP", PDP5B.10 in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2012.

32. Th.K. Mavrogordatos, S.M. Morris, F. Castles, P.J.W. Hands, A.D. Ford, H.J. Coles, T.D. Wilkinson, "Density of photon states in dye-doped chiral nematic liquid crystal cells in the presence of losses and gain" Physical Review E, 86, 011705, (2012)

33. K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A.W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R.V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, "Coexistence of High-Bit-Rate Quantum Key Distribution and Data on Optical Fiber" Physical Review X, 2, 041010, (2012)

34. D.J. Ives, S.J. Savory presented a poster at OFC/NFOEC 2013 in Anaheim, 17 March 2013 'Transmitter Optimized Optical Networks'

35. R. R. F. Jahromi, E.J. Osley, C.G. Biris, P.G. Thompson, P.A.Warburton and N.C. Panoiu, "Fano Resonance Resulting from a Tunable Interaction between Molecular Vibrational Modes and a Double Continuum of a Plasmonic Metamolecule" Physical Review Letters, 110, 087402 (2013)

36. A. Taylor, I. Parkin, N. Noor, C. Tummeltshammer, M. Brown, and I. Papakonstantinou, "A bioinspired solution for spectrally selective thermochromic VO2 coated intelligent glazing," Opt. Express  21, A750-A764 (2013).

37. C. Tummeltshammer, M. Brown, A. Taylor, A. Kenyon, and I. Papakonstantinou, "Efficiency and loss mechanisms of plasmonic Luminescent Solar Concentrators," Opt. Express  21, A735-A749 (2013).

38.  M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A.R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields "Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security," Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 24550-24565 (2013)

39. D. J. Ives and S. J. Savory presented a poster at ECOC 2013 in London, 24 September 2013, "Fixed versus Flex Grid with Route Optimised Modulation Formats and Channel Data Rates of 400 Gbits and Above" P.5.11.

40. A. Macfaden, J. Reno, I. Brener and O. Mitrofanov, “3μm aperture probes for near-field terahertz transmission microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 011110 (2014)

41. L. C. Comandar, B. Fröhlich, M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, A. W. Sharpe, J. F. Dynes, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, A. J. Shields"Room temperature single-photon detectors for high bit rate quantum key distribution". Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 021101 (2014)

42. G. Bale, A. Oliver-Taylor, I. Fierens, I. Tachtsidis et al "Investigation of Cerebral Autoregulation in the Newborn Piglet During Anaesthesia and Surgery" Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXVI. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Volume 812, 2014, pp 165-171

43. G. Bale, S. Mitra, J. Meek, N. Robertson and I. Tachtsidis "In-Vivo Measurements of Cerebral Changes in Cytochrome-c-Oxidase using Broadband Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Perinatal Hypoxic-Ischaemic". Conference Paper. Biomedical Optics Miami, Florida, United States April 26-30, 2014 ISBN: 978-1-55752-997-8 Poster Session I (BS3A) Encephalopathy.

44. R. J. Colchester, C. A. Mosse, D. S. Bhachu, J. C. Bear, I. P. Parkin, B. E. Treeby, I. Papakonstantinou and A. E. Desjardins, "Laser-generated ultrasound with optical fibres using functionalised carbon nanotube composite coatings". Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 173502 (2014);

45. M. S. Brown, Gundacker S, Taylor A, Tummeltshammer C, Auffray E, et al. (2014) "Influence of Depth of Interaction upon the Performance of Scintillator Detectors." PLoS ONE9(5): e98177. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098177. Paper online at:

46. G. Bale, S. Mitra, J. Meek, N. Robertson, and I. Tachtsidis (2014) "A new broadband near-infrared spectroscopy system for in-vivo measurements of cerebral cytochrome-c-oxidase changes in neonatal brain injury." Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 5, Issue 10, pp. 3450-3466 (2014);

47. D J Ives, P Bayvel and S J Savory "Adapting Transmitter Power and Modulation Format to Improve Optical Network Performance Utilizing the Gaussian Noise Model of Nonlinear Impairments" J. Light. Tech., Vol 32, No 21, Nov 2014, pp 3485-3494. Paper online at:

48. D J Ives, P Bayvel and S J Savory "Routing, modulation, spectrum and launch power assignment to maximize the traffic throughput of a nonlinear optical mesh network" Photonic Network Communications, March 2015. Paper online at

49. Y. Montelongo, J. O. Tenorio-Pearl, C. Williams, S. Zhang, W. I. Milne, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Plasmonic nanoparticle scattering for color holograms.,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., no. 7, pp. 1–5, 2014.

50. C. Williams, Y. Montelongo, J. O. Tenorio-pearl, A. Cabrero-vilatela, S. Hofmann, W. I. Milne, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Engineered pixels using active plasmonic holograms with liquid crystals,” Phys. status solidi - Rapid Res. Lett., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2015.

51. C. Williams, Y. Montelongo, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Switchable holographic pixel elements for 3D displays,” SPIE Newsroom, pp. 3–5, 2015.

52. C. Tsangarides, A. K. Yetisen, F. D. C. Vasconcellos, Y. Montelongo, M. M. Qasim, T.D. Wilkinson, C.R. Lowe, H. Butt "Computational modelling and characterisation of nanoparticle-based tuneable photonic crystal sensors" RSC Adv. 2014, 4, 10454-10461. First published online 04 Feb 2014 at!divAbstract DOI: 10.1039/C3RA47984F

53. M. Felle, J. Huwer, R. M. Stevenson, J. Skiba-Szymanska, M. B. Ward, I. Farrer, R. V. Penty, D. A. Ritchie and A. J. Shields "Interference with a quantum dot single-photon source and a laser at telecom wavelength", Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 131106 (2015)  

54. M. Ding, Q. Cheng, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, “Routing Algorithm to Optimize Loss and IPDR for Rearrangeably Non-Blocking Integrated Optical Switches”, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2015, San Jose, CA, USA, 2015

55. Conference presentation (Hot topic) - L. C. Comandar, M. Lucamarini, B. Fröhlich, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, S. Tam, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty and A. J. Shields 'Closing the Performance Gap of Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution', 5th International Conference on Quantum Cryptography Tokyo, Japan, (October 2015)
56. L. C. Comandar, B. Fröhlich, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, M. Lucamarini, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields "Gigahertz-gated InGaAs/InP single-photon detector with detection efficiency exceeding 55% at 1550 nm" , Journal of Applied Physics, 117, 083109 (2015), DOI:
57. Conference presentation - L. C. Comandar, B. Fröhlich, M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, A. W. Sharpe, J. F. Dynes, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields 'Long distance quantum key distribution with room temperature single-photon detectors' Asian Quantum Information Science Conference, Kyoto, Japan (August 2014)

58. Poster presentation - L. C. Comandar, B. Frӧhlich, M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, A.W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields 'Compact single-photon detector unit for high bit rate quantum key distribution' 3rd International Conference on Quantum Cryptography, Waterloo, Canada (August 2013)

59. E. Murray, D. J. P. Ellis, T. Meany, F. F. Floether, J. P. Lee, J.P. Griffiths, G. A. C. Jones, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. J. Bennett and A. J. Shields 'Quantum Photonics Hybrid Integration Platform', Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 171108 (2015);

60. Richard J. Colchester, Edward Z. Zhang, Charles A. Mosse, Paul C. Beard, Ioannis Papakonstantinou, and Adrien E. Desjardins, "Broadband miniature optical ultrasound probe for high resolution vascular tissue imaging," Biomed. Opt. Express 6, 1502-1511 (2015)

61. Alles, E.; Colchester, R.; Desjardins, A., "Adaptive Light Modulation for Improved Resolution and Efficiency in All-Optical Pulse-Echo Ultrasound," in Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1 doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2015.2497465

62. Lachhani, K.; Duan, J.; Baghsiahi, H.; Willman, E.; Selviah, D.R., "Correspondence rejection by trilateration for 3D point cloud registration," in Machine Vision Applications (MVA), 2015 14th IAPR International Conference on , pp.337-340, 18-22 May 2015
doi: 10.1109/MVA.2015.7153199, URL:

63. Duan, J.; Lachhani, K.; Baghsiahi, H.; Willman, E.; Selviah, D.R., “Indoor rigid sphere recognition based on 3D point cloud data”, Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing (IMVIP), 2014 Conference on , pp.28-33, URL:

64. Lachhani, K.; Duan, J.; Baghsiahi, H.; Willman, E.; Selviah, D.R., “Error Metric for Indoor 3D Point Cloud Registration”, Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing (IMVIP), 2014 Conference on , pp.34-39, URL:

65. L.C. Comandar et al. ‘Quantum key distribution without detector vulnerabilities using optically seeded lasers.’ Nature Photonics (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2016.50

66. A. J. Macfaden, S. J. Kindness and T. D. Wilkinson 'Architecture for one-shot compressive imaging using computer-generated holograms' Applied Optics (2016/9/10) Vol 55 Is 26 pp 7399-7405.

67. A. J. Macfaden, S. J. Kindness and T. D. Wilkinson 'An Implementation of One-Shot Compressive Imaging Using a Diffractive Optical Element2015/10/18 FTh1F. 2

68. M. Fantham and C. F. Kaminski 'A new online tool for visualisation of volumetric dataNature Photonics 1169 (2017)  Published online 01 February 2017

69. A.J. Bennett, J.P. Lee, D.J.P. Ellis, I. Farrer, D.A. Ritchie & A.J. Shields 'A semiconductor photon-sorter' Nature Nanotechnology 11, 857 (2016)

70. Teplensky, M.H., Fantham, M., Li, P., Wang, T.C., Mehta, J.P., Young, L.J., Moghadam, P.Z., Hupp, J.T., Farha, O.K., Kaminski, C.F. and Fairen-Jimenez, D., 2017. Temperature Treatment of Highly Porous Zirconium-Containing Metal-Organic Frameworks Extends Drug Delivery Release. Journal of the American Chemical Society.